Did I Do That?

When writers, students, educators or even a YouTube sensation uses someone’s work, they need to cite it!

We should always think before we post. Copyright laws protect the original author. With this new fast wave of gathering information some things have to fall under the Intellectual Property Act. Now, I can only prove what I do. I can also be proven when I have done something wrong. Creating a pattern of giving credit should be a Digital promise. Laws are for protection, I feel educators that use others work and not looking to make a profit from it but are creating scholars are safe. Now, to go and not be honest and look to be given rights and have broken organizations rules and not citing work, are dangerous to the incident.

If what you are copying is copyrightable then use it, be fair when you alter it like DON’T. Keep things they way the authors wanted it and never claim something that is not your original work. Educators have tools to ensure they are using materials that are in open source licenses and we have so any Creative Common license. We can use public domains that are safe to share and preproduce. The dates of work is important and the places we pull information from is valuable.

All Independent School Districts and University have databases to use and borrow work from, I say stay safe and use what is supported from your organization. They have done the work to ensure you as the educator a safe system. When teachers are using the material for they have been contracted to do, then creating meaningful learning experience should never be a worry. Always some how state in writing that the information is not yours but is used for educational purposes and everything will be just as it is suppose to be, great. The balance will be there if all educators stay honest and practice under the Fair Use Act with out abuse of their rights.

When we use material is it safe?

“The effective use of copyrighted materials enhances the teaching and learning process.”

When it comes to the institutions of education, specific laws and guidelines are governed differently. Copyright can be defined as the owner or author’s legal right to reproduce, display, transmit, or modify the work they created.  Copyright is governed by the Copyright Act of 1976. Quality education is one of the world’s sustainable development goals, pledging to ensure equitable quality education and to promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. Which makes sense, especially when it comes to using materials that will enhance learning without permission. When educators use materials that are not their own for educational purposes, it falls under the Fair Use and is not considered copyright infringement.

Educations changed positively, in my opinion, because of the use of technology. Technology is causing a rapid way of collecting and sharing information. If the material is fair use, meaning for the purpose such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (you can have more copies for your classroom) is covered for the sole purpose of education.  This law can make you feel comfortable, educators, but we still have to be mindful that we don’t in any way claim someone’s material as our own. Whether it’s on our school’s website. Even if we use material without giving credit, there still is a limitation. Limitations having to mean a rule or circumstances have some restrictions. So there is a guide to assists educators when making a choice on material, and it is legal to use in the manner that it will be used. Copyright holders have the exclusive ability to reproduce, perform, and distribute their own work, not have their taken and used for a profit without being asked permission. This can get teachers in a copyright lawsuit.

Staying out of trouble is pretty much every educator’s goal when using another person to enhance your own teaching experience. I get it, which is why I love how educators have become creative in sharing and selling their materials. We can always use a good-faith claim when using another’s body of work for education. My favorite thing is finding meaningful clips from movies and pictures to add to my Courses in Schoology. I can’t recall actually giving credit, but I understood it was for educational purposes and not for profit. I also understood my work was for my students and no one else.

Having a better understanding of copyrights and the material I use to enhance my teaching and learning will impact my journey as an educator. But I can also share this with my students and young teachers.  Laws are written to protect us. We have limits and have to be pulled back sometimes. Authors work hard to have their work published, which should always be considered and respected. Give credit!

Merriam-Webster. (n.d). Limitation. In Merriam-Webster.com dictionary Retrieved December 6,2020,   from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/limitations

Studying the case

Case Studies (1)

When we consider case studies, we have to consider the research and why we are studying it. In this case, Terry is a high school educator who will be using the material to enhance the learning module and will be posting borrowed work on his history of a science unit.

  • Excerpts from Darwin’s book “On the Origin of Species.”
  • A clip from the PBS science documentary “Einstein’s Big Idea” which Terry taped from television
  • Clips from the film “Jurassic Park.”
  • Images of the nine planets downloaded from NASA’s website (https://www.nasa.gov/)
  • Terry’s own original drawings and photographs of animals, trees, and other plants created while on vacation
  • Terry’s own original quizzes, research, teaching notes, and text about Galileo prepared for the course.
  • A one-page fact sheet about the Solar System, which Terry designed and compiled using information from the following sources:

Consider the first point using material from a printed body of work Darwin’s book, “On the Origin of Species.” This work should be cited in his reference somewhere on his website. Although the information is older, he has to make reference to the author. The author is apart of history, and many times over, Darwin’s work is used for educational purposes. By MR. Terry using the body of work is protected under the Fair Use Doctrine. Terry uses video or taped material from a different publication; he should note in his citation that the material was published by providing the original documentary and the place he was recording from. He needs to ensure that recording a recording and using it only for educational purposes will keep him safe under the Fair Use laws. Both video publications are indeed meant to bring about his lessons. He should always make sure from the publishers stands to have their permission. Some symbols and dates must be embodied in his lessons.  He will avoid copyright infringement. Also, when we use websites that have pictorials and text, they to should be appropriately cited. Most educational websites have a clause that allows copying and distributing their material as safe. Just know Terry must never claim as his own body of work.

Now let’s consider Terry’s own drawings and photographs for this case study. He should claim his work either at the beginning or end of his website’s page. When Terry creates and allows others to view or use, he can either make his work sharable by giving permission or created a safe way to add watermarks or block his own material from being printed or shared. The beauty of technology. Allowing Terry to make his work shareable is protected under copyright laws. He can state on his website that permission has to be given by the author, and he can also say that these are his words and original thoughts. Terry is an educator, and laws protect him from using others’ work just the same as he is protected from his work being used profitably. Terry can also consider the points from using Media Literacy in Education. Depending on the goals for him using media, Section 110(1) and (2) of the Copyright Act.

Everything still falls under the Intellectual property law that educators use in course design and how it is delivered to their students. Educators have an obligation to act lawfully, give credit. I would say that Terry is safe from breaking any copyright laws at this time. His work is copyrightable. He is following the open share license.

Case Study (2)

Considering the case study for Mr. Rosebud and Cameron Hedges, both have contributed to a body of work that they plan to seek a profit from soon. Both contributing parties have agreed to work and use different means to collaborate on their book. Mr. Rodebud is an educator and has done works that have been borrowed and shared under the 17 Code USC 107 fair use, and he has not so far been charged with copyright infringement. He is co-authoring a book that has not been given full permission to copy or use certain materials. Although, we can assume Mr. Rodebud is comfortable using other printed and published material without backlash. He is what the laws have warned about when teachers can embellish themselves with works and forget to give credit. Just the example of Mr. Rosebud using a body of known position, Romeo and Juliet for his lessons and references to building his own book and the privilege that this work is continuously being used for educational purposes.

Then we have his writing partner, Cameron Hedge, an independent filmmaker, and we are sure he is using all his work and or research for profit. The two authors have a partner to have a published body of work. They will need to ensure all copyright laws are in place and ensure they have been given permission to use. Although Cameron Hedge has written for copyright permission and has not been granted that, he should have his lawyers and contract state protection under copyright laws. This is a very complicated case. It will take a break down and citation to make sure they are published. Even when it comes to their employer and reproducing material on their learning management systems can cause a lawsuit in the future. When educators are given permission to use the organization’s works under their rights, the teachers’ uses without credit are a concern to all, taxpayers and the authors that have given permission to that institution for fair usage rights.

When the educator uses text and videos and publishes them on his organization LMS, he has basically committed to sharing and could have canceled himself from collecting a profit for written material attached to the book. To protect Mr. Rosebud and Hedge, they need to get permission for anything that their students create and publish for their work.  Students could become a big deal and later find something they honestly made, and no one asked them if it ok to use.

I would conclude that citations and permission should be given before any contract or payment for their body of work is received. One must study all that qualifies as fair. Mr. Rosebud should really use public domains. He should work to not forget his citation in his body of work. With laws and consent, the authors that are borrowing should always give credit where credit is due. Stay out of the sappy waters. Never just assume that it’s ok.

References for my thoughts and classwork EDLD 5316

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/

https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/17/102

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